Det har skett ett paradigmskifte vad gäller vetenskapliga publiceringar i min bransch. För bara cirka fem år sedan var det ytterst ovanligt att man publicerade sig i Open Access, det vill säga i tidskrifter där vem som helst gratis kan hämta en artikel. Så sent som den 2010-03-06 skrev jag om Open Access på denna blogg som om något det gick diskussioner om huruvida man borde publicera sig i denna form eller inte. Den diskussionen känns idag mycket föråldrad då allt fler aktivt väljer bort tidskrifter som inte kan erbjuda Open Access. För egen del skickar jag numera ungefär hälften av min produktion till tidskrifter som kan erbjuda OA och snart blir det nog så att lejonparten går till denna publiceringsform.
En fördel med OA är att man ofta kan få statistik på hur många nerladdningar som en artikel fått. Det är faktiskt intressant att få reda på hur många som läser det man gjort! En nackdel är förstås att kostnaderna för publiceringen flyttas över till författarna av artiklarna. Det missgynnar särskilt de som står i början av en forskarbana och inte än hunnit fått anslag. Detta bör ses över och det är viktigt att lärosätena fonderar pengar som ”seed-money” för unga forskare.
Har lite dåligt samvete för att jag inte har uppgraderat mina flikar om artiklar med senare arbeten. Skall försöka ta tag i det under sommaren. Under tiden kan jag dela med mig av några OA artiklar från 2011 direkt. De kommer här:
1. Mathias Carlstedt, Sven A Bood, Torsten Norlander. (2011). The Affective Personality and Its Relation to Sexual Fantasies in Regard to the Wilson Sex Fantasy Questionnaire. Psychology, 2, 792-796.
The present study investigated associations between affective personality types, sex and sexual fantasies. Participants were 209 students, 75 men and 134 women who completed the Wilson Sex Fantasy Questionaire (Wilson 1978) and the Positive and Negative Affect Scales (Watson, Clark & Tellegen, 1988). Results showed that self-destructive and high affective personality types had more sexual fantasies compared to self-actualizing and low affective types. Men had significantly higher scores on exploratory and impersonal sexual fantasies compared to women. It was suggested that positive affectivity is associated with “external transparency” that is, a susceptibility to stimuli from the outside world, while negative affectivity is associated with “internal transparency” that is a tendency to look inward, reflect and fantasize.
2. Billinger, S., & Norlander, T. (2011). Symbolic behavior in regular classrooms. A specification of symbolic and non-symbolic behavior. Frontiers in Educational Psychology, 2, Article 122, 1 - 6.
Students’ capabilities to use symbolic information in classroom setting could be expected to influence their possibilities to be active and participating. The development of strategies for teachers to compensate for reduced capability need specific operational definition of symbolic behavior. Fifty-three students, aged 11–13 years old, 29 boys and 24 girls, from three classes in the same Swedish compulsory regular school participated in the current study. After a short training sequence 25 students (47%) were defined as showing symbolic behavior (symbolic), and 28 students (53%) were not (non-symbolic), based on their follow-up test performances. Symbolic and non-symbolic differed significantly on post-test performances (p < 0.05). Surprisingly, non-symbolic behavior deteriorated their performance, while symbolic enhanced their performance (p < 0.05). The results indicate that the operational definition used in the present study may be useful in further studies relating the capability to show symbolic behavior and students’ activity and participation in classroom settings.
3. Ivarsson, B., Lindström, L., Malm, U., & Norlander, T. (2011). Consumer satisfaction, quality of life and distress with regard to social function and gender in severe mental illness. Open Journal of Psychiatry, 1, 88-97.
OBJECTIVE. The relationships between subjective satisfaction, distress and quality of life for severely mental ill patients with different functional levels and gender was investigated in a multi-center cohort, using a balanced mix of subjective and clinician ratings in an outcome-informed model for a clinical management based on shared decision making, "The Quality star". METHODS. Naturalistic data for 2552 persons, mainly with schizophrenia diagnoses, in long-term treatment and rehabilitation, were analyzed in a cross-sectional study. RESULTS. With increasing Social Function, rated with the split-GAF Disability/Functioning scale, the better were patients' Satisfaction, subjective Quality of life and Perceived Global Distress. Women were more satisfied with the care but also more distressed. CONCLUSION. Main findings were in line with other studies. However, the gender differences are in line with some, but not with other, studies. This poses questions how patient factors, instrument constructs, and treatment, especially shared decision making, influence subjective reports.
4. Ivarsson, B., Lindström, L., Malm, U., and Norlander, T. (2011). The self-assessment of Perceived Global Distress scale - reliability and construct validity. Psychology, 2, 283-290.
Objective: the aim was to study psychometric properties of the Perceived Global Distress Scale (PGD) for peo- ple with severe mental illness, mainly with schizophrenia disorders. Methods: PGD is a Visual Analogue Scale included in “The Quality Star”, a minimal platform for clinical follow-up and efficiency documentation of men- tal health services in eight dimensions used in Sweden. Naturalistic data was used. Validating instruments in- cluded Quality of Life-100, Symptom Check List-90, Consumer Satisfaction Rating Scale—self-rating version, Manchester Short Assessment of Quality of Life (MANSA), Global Quality of Life scale, Care Burden Scale for Relatives, Perceived Global Burden, Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), Side Effect Rating Scale (SERS), and Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF)—the split-GAF version. Concurrent validity with corresponding item in MANSA was explored. Test-retest reliability of the GQL was examined. Results: the content validity was clarified by associations with validating measures from several contexts in three studies, supporting con- struct validity. Concurrent validity with the last item MANSA, “How satisfied are you with your mental health?”, was demonstrated. Test-retest reliability was indicated. Conclusion: the Perceived Global Distress Scale (PGD) was shown to have acceptable psychometric properties and valid for serious mental ill persons with schizophre- nia disorders. Its use as an easy-to-use instrument for the screening of perceived global mental distress was sup- ported.
Slutligen har den första OA-artikeln för 2012 också ramlat in. Den är publicerad i det första numret av Kinas första internationella tidskrift för psykologi och ges ut av den kinesiska vetenskapsakademin. Med tanke på Kinas frammarsch på en rad olika områden kan vi säkert utgå från att detta på sikt kommer utvecklas till en av de ledande tidskrifterna för den internationella psykologin:
Nordén, T., Eriksson, A., Kjellgren, A., & Norlander, T. (2012). Involving clients and their relatives and friends in the psychiatric care: Case managers’ experiences of training in Resource group Assertive Community Treatment. PsyCh Journal, 1, 15-27. DOI: 10.1002/pchj.1
Abstract: The purpose of this project was to do a qualitative study of an integrated and flexible ACT model, the Resource Group Assertive Community Treatment (RACT), as seen from the perspective of case managers in training. The resource group normally consists of the client, the case manager and other available personnel in the medical and support areas, as well as family members. Nineteen theses were randomly chosen from a set of 80 theses written by a group of Swedish trainee case managers. The exams were conducted as case studies and concerned 19 clients with psychotic problems, 11 men and 8 women. “The Empirical Phenomenological Psychological Method” was used in the analysis, which generated five overarching themes: (a) the RACT program; (b) the resource group; (c) the empowerment of the client; (d) progress in treatment; and (e) the case manager. These together constituted a “therapeutic circle,” in which methods and tools used within the RACT made it possible for the resource group to empower the clients who, as a result, experienced progress with treatment, during which the case manager was the unifying and connecting link.